Skin Disorders Chart
Skin Ulcers - Skin ulcers are inflamed open sores that are caused by trauma, exposure to extreme heat, cold or poor blood circulation. They can also be caused by cold sores, diabetes or infections. Skin ulcers can occur anywhere on the body and aren't contagious.
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- Spider veins plague approximately 60% of American women, but can also affect men. These clusters of red, blue or purple veins commonly appear on the thighs and calves, but can also appear on the face and neck. Spider veins are not contagious.
- Varicose veins are similar to spider veins except they are larger, swollen and raised above the surface of the skin. Varicose veins are most commonly dark purple or blue. Like spider veins, varicose veins usually form on the thighs, calves and sometimes the face. Varicose veins are not contagious, but they can be very painful.
- Vitiligo is a skin disorder that affects the skin's pigment. Vitiligo appears in patches of white skin on different parts of the body. Any hair affected by vitiligo will turn white as well. Vitiligo has no known causes and isn't contagious.
- Cold sores are small fluid-filled blisters, usually located around the mouth. Cold sores (also known as herpes simplex) can be very painful and usually last a week to ten days. Cold sores are very contagious and those who've had one cold sore are likely to experience reoccurring cold sores throughout their lives.
- Dermatitis (also known as eczema) is a term used to describe the inflammation of the skin. It causes the skin to become red, itchy and swollen. Dermatitis is a chronic skin disorder that usually affects those with a family history of asthma or hay fever. Dermatitis isn't contagious.
- Eczema has the same characteristics as dermatitis. It's a recurring skin disorder that causes the skin to become red, itchy and swollen. Eczema is an inflammation of the skin that is neither life threatening nor contagious.
- Hives occur when the body suffers an allergic reaction. Hives are itchy, red and swollen, and are commonly triggered by allergic reactions to drugs, foods, infections, pollens and molds. Hives are recurring; however they aren't contagious.
- Psoriasis is a skin disease that affects over 4.5 million people in the United States. Patches of skin (lesions) become inflamed and are covered by a silvery white scale. Psoriasis can affect only small areas of the body or it can cover large areas - depending on its severity. Psoriasis isn't contagious.
- Rosacea affects the skin on your face. It often resembles acne however, when left untreated rosacea can pose other health problems. An individual suffering from rosacea is likely to suffer redness on the cheeks, nose, chin and forehead as well as watery and irritated eyes. Rosacea isn't contagious.
- Scabies is an infestation of the skin from a mite known as sarcoptes scabei. Although scabies are often associated with poor hygiene, this disorder can affect individuals with varying degrees of personal hygiene. Scabies are bumps or rashes on the skin commonly located between the fingers, on the wrists, elbows and knees. Scabies are very contagious. They are passed through prolonged, direct contact with the skin.