Calluses, also called as keratomas or tylomas in medical circles, are thickened areas of skin. Calluses are caused by the accumulation of dead skin cells under constant pressure and friction. Calluses form to protect the skin tissue underneath from becoming injured. Blisters can form on almost any part of the body under pressure, but they usually form on the hardened area of the heel, on the sole of the foot or on the inner side of the big toe.

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Like corns, calluses are not harmful or serious skin conditions. Calluses on the feet can turn into corns if they are left to develop a large amount of dead skin cells in their centre. Research on the Internet or consult a professional for the treatment of corns.

Narrow-toed, high-heeled dress shoes often cause the foot to arch in an uncomfortable position causing calluses. However the feet are not the only victims of calluses. Individuals who work with their hands on labor intensive activities such as gardening or weightlifting often develop calluses on their fingers and palms.

Calluses make the skin look dry, tough and painful. Some people attempt to cut or trim their calluses with sharp scissors or a razor blade; however this can result in an unnecessary infection - especially for those with diabetes. To properly treat a callus on your foot, wear low-heels shoes with soft soles that offer extra width and depth so your feet can breathe. To prevent calluses on the hands, wear protective gloves when performing harsh activities so that friction doesn't occur. Applying an enriched moisturizing cream after cleaning any rough areas of skin is ideal to keep it hydrated and smooth. If you do get a callus, treat it immediately to improve your skin's condition quickly and to avoid long-term skin irritations

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