Unwelcome breakouts make being a teenager downright frustrating. About 85-percent of American teenagers, starting at about twelve years old and older, suffer from acne.
During puberty, the body begins to develop and mature. Hormones stimulate the sebaceous glands to produce more sebum (oil) and the glands become overactive. Pores are clogged by this excess oil; which is mixed with dead skin cells and dirt. The skin's pores trap the material and react with bacteria as well. This process triggers swelling, redness and pimples on the body - including face, neck, chest and back.
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Boys usually produce more hormones than girls and so their acne tends to be more severe. The most common type of acne that teens experience is known as acne vulgaris. Teaching your teen how to properly treat their acne early on increase their self-esteem and prevent potential scarring from picking and popping zits.
To properly clean your skin and prevent the excess build-up of sebum (oil), wash your skin with mild non-alcohol cleansers at least twice every day - especially after exercise and before sleep. Use a toner to tighten your pores after cleaning. Toner can also help control the oil glands. Avoid squeezing or picking your zits. Broken zits will cause an open wound, be prone to further infection and increase the chances of acne scarring. Also, try and wash your hair regularly and avoid the use of hair gels, mousse and hairspray whenever possible. Greasy hair rubbing on your skin will only make your acne worse.